A cyber attack is no less lethal than a nuclear attack. It could cripple financial systems, stock markets, navigation systems of ships at sea or airplanes in air, and shut down industrial or nuclear plants.
Cyber-warfare is, relatively, a new phenomenon. Though the FBI had already been exploring cyberspace in respect of domestic intelligence, the NSA awoke after the aerial attack on the New-York Twin Towers. It was a bit hard for the USA’s National Security Agency to convince president Bush that a cyber force was need of the hour.
The USA accuses China of having penetrated defence contractors computers to get information about US$737 billion F-35. China points to Huawei penetration and Snowden’s leaks about hacking of Chinese universities computers.
Bush skeptical of cyber-penetration
Bush, engrossed in his War on Terror (ism) kept aloof from the Internet/Google. Shane Harris, in his book @War: The Rise of Cyberwarfare (p. 141) `This was the man who had once said he used “the Google” only occasionally to look at satellite images of his ranch in Texas. It would be difficult to explain in technical terms how someone sitting at a keyboard could wreak havoc from thousands of miles away, using a machine with which the president was largely unfamiliar’. Like nuclear weapons, releasing cyber-weapons required presidential assent.
A long last, the president sanctioned an ambitious cyber-warfare and espionage programme with required funding.
The video below isn’t directly related to the article but contains relevant information about the topic.
Threats of cyber warfare